What’s Sleep Apnea And How Is It Caused?
Sleep apnea is one of the common sleeping disorder with millions of people suffering from this condition around the world. Just imagine this, you are sleeping soundly at night, then all of a sudden you wake up catching your breath. And this may either happen for a few times or even a hundred times per night. The person suffering from this condition will partially wake up from their deep slumber for their brain is forced to be conscious of their body once again to immediately initiate breathing. This sudden bout of waking up due to breathing issues will significantly affect a person’s sleep quality. Thus, it may lead to a lot of medical problems in the long run.
A person stops or pauses his breathing during sleep is a sleep disorder called Sleep Apnea. Or may experience instances of shallow breathing during sleep. Thus, this pauses in breathing may last for a few seconds to even minutes and as mentioned before, can happen a lot of times (even a hundred times in some reports) during their night’s sleep. Thus, this wakes up the person to re-initiate the breathing process again, cutting their rest shorter than expected.
Symptoms of Sleep Apnea
The common symptoms of sleep apnea are frequent loud snoring. Snoring happens because of the body’s upper airway is obstructed while breathing during sleeping. Air is forced through the obstruction thus vibrating the upper airways, producing that sound. Most snoring is soft but loud, noisy. And unpleasant snoring that tends to wake up the whole house including the neighbors may be a telltale sign of sleep apnea. (But remember, not all snoring instances may be an indication that a person has sleep apnea).
Types and Their Treatment
Three types of sleep apnea, namely:
- Central Sleep Apnea – This type of sleep apnea is caused by the brain not sending signals to the muscles which control respiration. Thus, this is one of the much less common types, and this may happen to other condition or health issues, like heart failure or stroke. Standard treatment for this kind of apnea is to treat first the existing health issue that causes this. Using a breathing apparatus to aid breathing or using supplemental oxygen to give the brain much-needed oxygen to function correctly.
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea – The most common type of sleep apnea and is considered as a potentially dangerous sleep disorder. Breathing stops and starts back again repeatedly during sleep. And this is due to the person’s throat muscles periodically loosened up and blocks the air passage during sleep. Thus this results in snoring. Or sometimes a much more powerful, choking sound which awakens the person suffering from their slumber. There are different kinds of treatment for this. The most common ones are using a device to keep the person’s airways open during sleep and surgery for more severe cases.
- Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome – also called Treatment-Emergent Central Sleep Apnea, it is a rare condition in which a person suffers both kinds of sleep apnea. (Central Sleep Apnea and Obstructive Sleep Apnea). Usually, the best way to treat this is to let it be, for it generally resolves in the long run.
Sleep apnea can cause a lot of health issues if not treated as soon as possible. And this may result in a slew of other diseases, such as diabetes, liver problems, high blood pressure, heart issues. Knowing if you have one and dealing with it as soon as possible helps you stay away from other deadly diseases. And giving you a much restful, uninterrupted sleep at night.